A civil investigation uncovers and assembles evidence necessary for a civil trial.
A civil trial is a type of court case involving two individual citizens who disagree on an issue that relates to their rights as citizens. For example, if one person sues another for damages caused by a domestic accident, the case will likely be conducted as a civil trial.
Civil investigators are responsible for gathering the evidence essential to such a trial.
Civil Cases vs Criminal Cases
Though often confused, civil and criminal cases are different and are therefore investigated differently.
Civil cases are private disputes between individuals or organizations in which a person or entity will bring forward complaints that another person or entity failed to uphold their legal duty.
The accusatory party will usually ask for completion of the duty and compensation for the harm done. A private investigator can be hired by one or both parties involved and can gather evidence in a reliable, legal manner.
What is a criminal case?
Criminal cases are situations in which a person is charged formally by the government on behalf of the people.
It isn’t the victim’s responsibility to bring forth a criminal case and sometimes there isn’t even a specific victim. The result of a criminal case is a sentence that could include a monetary penalty, imprisonment, or supervision in the community.
Investigation methods are usually determined by the government rather than the individuals involved.
What are common types of civil investigations?
Personal injury investigations: These investigations look into how an injury occurred in order to determine potential compensation.
Workers' compensation investigations: The goal of workers’ comp investigations are to uncover and prevent insurance fraud.
Missing person investigations: Investigators conduct a missing person investigation to uncover information about people who are missing.
Child custody and abuse investigations: This type of investigation reveals the potential negligence and mistreatment of children.
Marital investigations: investigations into marital disputes can uncover anything from domestic abuse to a cheating spouse.
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